What’s in a Memory? I Miss You Old St. Veronica

Down Memory Lane in East Detroit

I often hear people saying, “We are creating memories.”  That is a nice and sentimental description of what folks may be doing at a specific point in time.  However, what does it really mean?  For at 50 years old I have found that memories have a way of becoming skewed with time.  We have a tendency to remember only certain portions of memories; in essence, we are selective – sometimes because we simply can’t recall all the details or because of some other set of circumstances, whether positive or negative.  Notwithstanding all of that, though, my contention is that memories serve a very important purpose, even if our recollection is skewed, biased and/or lacking in detail.

My very close and dear friend of over 40 years recently sent me a nostalgic photograph of our childhood parish in East Detroit, Michigan (now within the city of Eastpointe).  The wonderfully adorned tan brick structure of St. Veronica Church still stood tall in the heart of the old neighborhood, for it was the pinnacle of most activity in my youth.  Most in our neighborhood were working class, ethnic and decidedly Catholic.  Mass was always within walking distance and our elementary school was just across the street.  Some of us were expected to become mass servers – as I was – and our social activity seemed linked to that central and focal point of the neighborhood.  It was where we played sports, hung out, and took our grandparents for senior citizen events.

I would venture to say that it was good and positive to have a central point of the neighborhood, that old church steeple.  Even though we didn’t necessarily see it that way at the time nor understand its impact, it was almost a foundational element of the area, a fixture of sorts.  It was a way to bring us together under a somewhat common umbrella and even an extended family in ways.  For all else could happen in and around southeast Michigan, but our area was secure.  After all, old St. Veronica had been around for decades and would remain intact for decades to come – we seemed certain of that.  In a strange way, it was our fortress, an essential part of our reason for being, and part of our social fabric.  It was linked to our identity in youth sports and perhaps even to our conviction in the faith (albeit largely misunderstood at the time by people like me). 

And so the years have come to pass, much quicker than I would have ever imagined. 

Yes, the times have changed and decades have passed.  Most of the old neighbors have moved out of the area and some even out of state (like me).  But the memories are still there – of old elementary school football practices, of playing basketball in that antiquated gym with Catholic relics hanging on the walls, of hitting a baseball behind that old church.  It was where I played soccer and spent time with my brothers and childhood friends.  It was adjacent to my paper route when I delivered the Detroit News – with a wagon and with my little brother, Nino, in tow, sitting patiently on the stack of frozen papers in the bitter winter weather. 

I miss you, St. Veronica, and I miss you, old neighborhood.

At times when I think about it I can still hear the old ladies in the neighborhood shouting out in Italian and cooking for hours on end; in fact, the smell is still lively in my senses.  I relive the countless minutes of street hockey until the sun faded into the background and the ice became even more treacherous and unpredictable.  I recall the tackle football games on the front lawn and the “friendly brawls,” as well as the hopeful prayers for my first girlfriend in that large, imposing structure called the church.  And although I am quite certain that my memory is not entirely intact or completely correct, and that I am overly nostalgic and sentimental, the memory – even if skewed and to my liking – serves a great purpose.

So keep living for the wonderful memories, my friends.  Never give up hope.  Always persist in terms of that which is gentle and kind, merciful and generous.  Don’t think that the little things don’t count, for they certainly do.  You are creating memories each and every moment.  May God bless you this Christmas season.  Please pray for me.

Peace through Soccer: A Diplomatic Tool for Syria & Others

Seize the Moment in Brazil this Summer

In 2007 I was invited to be part of a “peace through soccer” mission in Syria.  It was a spectacular visit on many levels, and it involved a television and media component as well.  The government was hospitable and kind, welcoming and warm.  They gave us access to just about every non-sensitive area we desired to tour.  We even ended up meeting face-to-face with the Minister of Information and the Minister of Sports.  However, there was an aura of tension that seemed to linger beneath the surface.  This feeling of uneasiness was accentuated by the fact that we were caught smack in the middle of a flash-mob one evening; it was supposedly a demonstration to show support for President Bashar Al Assad.  It was as eerie as it was strange, and it seemed to ring of something otherworldly.  Nonetheless, soccer proved to be a unifying force at that time and could have even represented much more. 

We arrived in Damascus shortly after “then House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) met with [President Al] Assad in 2007 over the objections of President Bush” (The Washington Post, Online, 4/04/11).  The mood was upbeat in the country and the streets were bustling.  General optimism seemed to emanate from homes, offices and the Souk (the ancient marketplace in Damascus).  The hospitality was exceptional, and the food was absolutely amazing – fresh, tasty, genuine and home grown.  Our government guide was sophisticated and polite, and he told us that we could go anywhere except to military installations.  Of course, we were not interested in military installations being that our mission was one of peace through sports.  In any event, we appreciated the gesture.

The government employees and sports representatives we met were well educated and eloquent as well.  They appeared to be “Western” in many ways, and their demeanor was most inviting and cultured.   At the same time, they were respectful and faithful – some Christian and many Muslim.  Their knowledge of history was unparalleled, particularly in light of the fact that Damascus is one of the oldest, continuously inhabited cities in the world.  What struck me the most, perhaps, was that many of the people we met in Damascus were very refined, scholarly and intellectual – maybe even pensive and contemplative in ways.  They also had a strong sense of pride, dignity and culture.  Notwithstanding all of these wonderful attributes, though, there was a distinct sense of disquiet, agitation and apprehension on the macro level.  While this was far beneath the surface (except for the flash mob scene we experienced), it was still present and palpable.

Against this backdrop, we – along with our Syrian soccer friends – spoke about the desire to stage a “Global Youth Soccer Tournament to Promote Peace.”  The site was to be the city of Aleppo.  It seemed like a great idea, but we were not able to garner enough support at the time.  In retrospect, it may have been a good overture toward peace.  Of course, we had very little idea that the looming and impending scenario in Syria could be so dramatic and/or that it could escalate into a full-blown civil war.  Maybe it was unfortunate that we did not push harder for this peace-oriented soccer tournament to take place.

Just a short while after our trip, the situation started to spin out of control.  Sides began battling and lines were drawn.  Brutal force was used to make people conform to the policies of the regime.  After that, brother fought brother and children were slaughtered.  Chemical weapons were used to silence people.  But, still, there was no silence.  The cries continue to ring forth and those cries create a deafening sound in the ears of the international community.  The oppression has not ended and there is no good option in sight in terms of an outcome.  Whatever happens will represent a significant compromise and loss on many levels, not the least of which is the heavy loss of life – approximately 160,000 or so according to most accounts.   

So how does the sport of soccer come into play? To begin with, soccer can prove to be a coalescing and uniting force.  It is a true “passion” for much of the world’s population.  It transcends cultural boundaries, race, color and creed.  At the same time, soccer is not a comprehensive or redemptive solution by any stretch of the imagination, nor is it an end in and of itself.  However, it can be used as an important tool.  When I was growing up in an ethnic neighborhood in Metro Detroit in the late 60s and early 70s, soccer became the impetus to allow me to bridge gaps with so many friends of different backgrounds.  It was common for me to be on a team with an Iranian Shiite, an Albanian Sunni, a Southern Baptist, an Indian Hindu and an Italian-American Catholic (me).  This is not an exaggeration.  That was the basic make-up and constitution of one of our all-star teams in Michigan at the time – the team that went on to win the Domino’s Cup in Lansing.  We respected one another for our views, yet we still remained steadfast in our beliefs.  By the same token, we did not impose ourselves on one another, for soccer permitted us to battle alongside our teammates for a common cause – side by side and without exception.

But what does soccer mean within the context of conflict areas such as Syria?  As mentioned above, soccer can become a very important diplomatic tool (if used properly).  It can help to create a meaningful dialogue prior to a conflict arising.  It represents a platform and somewhat of a safe haven for the exchange of ideas among players, managers and coaches.  It allows people who are interested in peace to get a real feel for the pulse on the ground.  So, at least conceivably, it can be utilized to avoid conflict.  At the same time, promoting training sessions with soccer players from different backgrounds and beliefs can create real bonds that go beyond the parameters of life’s political and religious confines.  This, by definition, helps to avoid conflict.  The scenario is not devoid of religion, though.  Rather, it utilizes, recognizes and celebrates everyone’s religious background while operating within a context of soccer and peace.  For instance, the Shimon Peres Peace Center in Israel and Palestine (officially, “The Peres Peace Center”) has been using this approach to join together young Muslim, Jewish and Christian soccer players in the Holy Land.

Another appealing fact is this: soccer can be used at any stage in the game (every pun intended).  Obviously, we would like to avoid conflict and the loss of life at any cost.  Soccer is one of those tools.  But when conflict cannot be avoided, then soccer can be used as an intervening force to bring sides together as well.  It can be used to mitigate conflict and subsequent damage.  In post-conflict situations, soccer can be used to reconstruct and rebuild.  It helps on the grass-roots level – in the neighborhoods and in the sandlots, and in POW camps and on former battlefields.  From an operational standpoint, it is effective device to assist in some of the following pursuits that are peace-oriented:

1. Assess potential conflict

2. Analyze possible conflict

3. Avoid conflict

4. Intervene when faced with conflict

5. Mitigate when conflict has arisen

6. Manage conflict during a confrontation

7. Reconstruct after conflict

8. Rebuild in a post-conflict scenario

By the way, there are even references to soccer diplomacy from World War II.  One quasi-fictional depiction came in the form of a motion picture in the 80s, Victory.  It featured Sylvester Stallone, Michael Caine and the great Pele’.  Set against the backdrop of an oppressive Nazi regime, the beautiful game was used to stage a match between German forces and the Allied opposition.  Although many components were amplified and embellished in the film, it nonetheless provided a look at how soccer can be utilized as a device and apparatus for some form of peace building. 

There is much more to say about this topic, but perhaps this article will help to provide some initial thoughts.   In the case of Syria, it may have been good to work with NGOs and other entities back in 2007 so as to avoid a conflict.  “Soccer Diplomacy” could have been used as a tool, whether it was to host an international youth tournament in Aleppo or to conduct a series of free soccer clinics in the inner city environments.  Likewise, the FIFA World Cup in Brazil this year can prove to be a catalyst in this regard.  Organizers can wrap their arms around “Soccer Diplomacy” and fully promote the benefits of using soccer as a means to peace on a global scale.  FIFA is doing it to some degree, but there is still much work to be done.  Greater coordination and cooperation within and among organizations, governments and federations would be required.

At the end of the day, peace through soccer is a valid concept.  It cannot – and certainly will not – correct all of the imbalances and cure all of the maladies.  It is one tool among an arsenal that could be used to assist in the peacemaking process, whether pre-conflict or post-conflict (and perhaps in between as well).  Nonetheless, authorities and organizations that are stakeholders in the global peace community can look at soccer as a potential friend and ally.  They can discover ways and methods in which to promote the game and advance friendships – those friendships that are true and lasting, and those that transcend barriers and boundaries.  The Brazilians are great at reaching out and hugging the world, and this summer will be no exception.  Maybe Brazil can help lead the charge to take its passion for soccer to new and unexplored levels.

The author, Antonio J. Soave, is the Chairman & CEO of Capistrano Global Advisory Services (CGA), an international joint venture, strategic alliance and M&A consulting firm headquartered in Overland Park, Kansas.  He travels to the Middle East, Europe and Latin America on a frequent basis.  He is a former high school All American athlete in the sport of soccer, a former co-owner of the World Youth Soccer Academy at Disney’s Wide World of Sports Complex in Orlando, Florida, and a former co-owner of three minor league professional teams in the USISL soccer league in the United States (currently, the “USL”).  He is also a member of the International Advisory Council of the United States Institute of Peace (“USIP”).  Mr. Soave has a BA in International Studies from The American University (Washington, DC), a Juris Doctor (law degree) from Michigan State University, and a L.L.M. (Master’s of Law) in International Law from the University of San Diego.

The Need for an Infrastructure Bank in the United States

An infrastructure bank in the United States is sorely needed and long overdue.  Infrastructure is the backbone of the economy in any country, including ours.  It helps drive economic growth and development as well.  From railroads to bridges and from highways to airports, infrastructure refurbishment and growth in the U.S. would make us a stronger and more vibrant nation.  It would also assist in creating jobs, many jobs.  While we lead the world in numerous categories, we seem to have forgotten about the importance of infrastructure – at least on some level.  Aging structures and lack of ample coverage can place the economy in peril.  A cooperative scenario between the public and private sectors is ideal, whether on a PPP basis (“Public Private Partnership”) or other.  Even though we may not be entirely familiar with the day-to-day functioning of an actual infrastructure bank, we should explore the establishment of one so that we can experience more sustained growth over long periods of time.

Various countries have had infrastructure banks at the center of their economic models.   These banks have succeeded on differing levels, according to the specific needs of each country, as well as the other factors influencing development in this sector.  Nonetheless, one can argue that a whole host of countries have been able to infuse public infrastructure money in a way that has helped those regions of the world to advance.  By the same token, an infrastructure bank or infrastructure fund is not new to us in the United States either.  Public-private financing cooperation on large-scale infrastructure development projects has been achieved on some of the most significant rescue efforts in history.  In fact, in October 2013 the New York Times noted the following:

We used similar vehicles to reconstruct poor countries after World War II, through the World Bank. Likewise, we rebuilt post-war Europe with the Marshall Plan. After the tsunami hit South Asia in 2004, we turned to infrastructure banks, as we did after the earthquake in Haiti in 2010.  There’s nothing new about leveraging private capital to rebuild at home. In the United States, post-Revolution Massachusetts found itself mired in debt but needing an infusion of money to rebuild. Private capital was brought in. Similarly after the Civil War, it was Lincoln’s Transcontinental Railroad that was to unite the country from shore to shore. We rebuilt New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina with a mix of public and private capital.  (October 1, 2013, NYTimes.com, “A National Bank with One Goal: Infrastructure”).

 Likewise, President Barack Obama has stated that this is a priority for our long-term economic prosperity.  Others such as Senator Mark Warner of Virginia have been staunch proponents of the creation of an infrastructure fund as well.  In fact, Senator Warner, a conservatively oriented Democrat with significant private sector experience, recently revived a bill to set a new financing authority in motion.  In November 2013, a blog entitled TheHill.com, reported:

 Sens. Mark Warner (D-Va.) and Roy Blunt (R-Mo.) are reviving a push to create a national infrastructure funding bank in a new bill he unveiled on Thursday. Warner and Blunt’s bill would create a “infrastructure financing authority” that would receive $10 billion in initial funding, his office said. The infrastructure funding would be used as leverage to lure private sector investments that could reap as much as $300 billion in new transportation projects, according to Warner’s office.  The measure has been dubbed the Building and Renewing Infrastructure for Development and Growth in Employment (BRIDGE) Act.

Aptly dubbed “The BRIDGE Act,” this new funding authority would help to make an infrastructure financing entity a reality.  By the same token, though, it may not go far enough.  Granted, this has been a source of debate in Congress, and both reasonable and unreasonable minds have disagreed on the form and function of this new authority.  However, we must be courageous so as to establish something new and innovative that will have a lasting positive impact on our society.

As a result, I would advocate the creation of an actual infrastructure bank and not just an infrastructure authority.  Next, the infrastructure bank needs to be properly funded by Congress.  While private participation on projects is needed, private money is expensive, short-term oriented and cautious.  As many prominent financing experts have said, ‘government money is the cheapest money.’  In this case – believe it or not – government money is also the best money.  Even though I am not a proponent of big government, and I am probably more fiscally conservative than many of my colleagues, this is one situation in which government money is imperative.

The creation of a new infrastructure bank should have at least $50 billion in funding, as Senator John Kerry (now Secretary of State) and Senator Kay Hutchison of Texas proposed in 2011.  Actually, my proposal is that we fund the new bank to the tune of $100 billion initially.  Why? Because large infrastructure projects require big money and because the government will make a return on its investment (albeit after a longer period of time).  Also, this is one of the instances where government must take the lead.  Not only is the government’s money the cheapest, but it is also the most secure in many ways.  In this unique circumstance, government infrastructure money can be the most aggressive and risk-friendly.  Private capital has shorter windows and more limiting parameters in terms of ROI.  However, by working together, the public sector can help the private sector and vice-versa.

I applaud and commend Senator Mark Warner on his effort and I believe that we need to support him and others in the creation of a true infrastructure bank.  There are many viable models out there, including the Brazilian infrastructure bank, BNDES.  We also have history in this area, as noted above.  Then, too, there was TARP, the Troubled Asset Relief Program in 2008/2009.  While TARP was greeted with a large degree skepticism (and perhaps rightfully so), it was later considered to be an important capital injection into a failing economy – an ever-so-important global economy.  The U.S. model can be new, exciting and innovative.  It can utilize equity positions as opposed to strict debt, and it can be a demonstration to the world that we – as Americans – still have a desire and appetite to improve the economy at home and abroad on a large scale.  Most importantly, we can stimulate and enhance the overall standard of living in our country on many levels and create new jobs.  With courage and integrity, we can make this work.

The author, Antonio J. Soave, is the Chairman & CEO of Capistrano Global Advisory Services (CGA), an international joint venture, strategic alliance and M&A consulting firm.  He is also a member of the International Advisory Board of the United States Institute of Peace (USIP), an independent, nonpartisan institution established and funded by Congress to increase the nation’s capacity to manage international conflict without violence.  He is the founder and former Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of International Law & Practice at the Detroit College of Law (now Michigan State University).  He has a BA in International Studies from The American University (Washington, DC), a Juris Doctor (law degree) from the Detroit College of Law, and a L.L.M. (Master’s of Law) in International Law from the University of San Diego.  For more of Antonio’s writings, go to his blog at www.AntonioSoave.com.

Detroit will Return to its Glory Days

As odd as it may seem to outsiders, I am very proud of my native city of Detroit.  Being born and raised on the “East Side,” and having gone to school and church at the Assumption Grotto Catholic Parish near Six Mile and Gratiot, I have fond memories of my childhood neighborhood.  Granted, I am about to turn 50 years old soon, but it was not that long ago in the grand scheme of things.  At that time – that is, the late 60s and 70s – Detroit was a bustling and robust city.  Notwithstanding the effects of “white flight” in the post riot era, Detroiters took great pride in their surroundings.  My family lived in a lower, working class area that was primarily ethnic Italian, Polish and Ukrainian, and I had friends from all walks of life.  Our neighborhood had a classic “corner store and meat-market” known as Biondo’s.  The kids would congregate outside to eat candy and play hockey, and the moms would go inside to buy their daily goods.  There was a park down the street as well.  There are many people in my age range who are attached to this sort of nostalgia and would like to work for a return to those glory days.  I have no doubt that the city of Detroit can and will re-emerge.

As noted above, Detroit has great history and heritage.  This cannot simply be shoved aside and disregarded.  And just because many have moved out to the burbs and even out of state does not mean it is not important to have a notable city at the heart of the metro area.  In fact, many would argue that the city and its image are part and parcel of an overall rebuilding process.  Much of this has been in progress for years.  From the Illitch family holdings through entities such as the Red Wings and Tigers, to the Ford family and their team, the Detroit Lions, the city center is still an integral part of the infrastructure and pulse of Metro Detroit.  A lot more, however, has left the city.  The great Hudson’s building and its aura are now a foggy memory, as is the spectacular train station.  Shopping along Michigan Avenue has long been shifted to Oakland and Macomb County-based malls.   Yet there are many of us who still desire a true and profound connection with Downtown Detroit and its vicinity.

There are a lot of people like me who talk about these elements in corporate corridors, on airplanes, and during sporting events.  The nostalgia is palpable and the longing is sincere.  For me, those feelings run deep.  My father helped build the Renaissance Center as a construction foreman and I later worked at the Ren Cen as a law clerk.  I attended the Detroit College of Law (currently housed within Michigan State University in Lansing) and called Downtown Detroit my primary stomping grounds from 1988 to 1992.  I canvassed parts of the city for the first black Gubernatorial candidate, Bill Lucas in 1986.  Alongside my colleagues, I dreamed of helping to make Detroit great again.  Some of that remains in me, as it does in others.  Much of it, however, has been lost.  Unfortunately, my law school (along with its century-old tradition) has been demolished.  Granted, it sat where Comerica Field is today.  I suppose it is better to have the Tigers drawing folks.  But it is still important to maintain some of these great traditions that were inextricably linked to the City.  Both are possible.  We can indeed maintain and promote tradition while rebuilding parts of the City.

So, perhaps there are ways to restore a good deal of the original greatness to Detroit.  I, for one, believe that there are some good plans on the table.  With a new mayor and an active governor, and with city activists working endlessly, new and substantive rebuilding programs are in sight.  There is a big light at the end of the tunnel, and it is not just the light in the “Windsor Tunnel.”  It is the light on the Detroit side, the side that has represented industrial growth and prosperity for much of the world via the auto business over the past several decades.  It is the light that celebrates our old neighborhoods, churches, stores and communities, as well as our sports teams.  It is the light that gives us hope and conviction that a new day is dawning and that many good things are yet to come.  We have history, we have courage, we have strength and – most of all – we have faith.  Detroit will return and will be better than ever. 


The author, Antonio J. Soave, is a native of Detroit, Michigan.  He is presently the Chairman & CEO of Capistrano Global Advisory Services (CGA), an international joint venture, strategic alliance and M&A consulting firm.  He is also a member of the International Advisory Board of the United States Institute of Peace (USIP), an independent, nonpartisan institution established and funded by Congress to increase the nation’s capacity to manage international conflict without violence.  He is a graduate of Notre Dame High School in Harper Woods, Michigan, and a former high school All American athlete in the sport of soccer.  He has a BA in International Studies from The American University (Washington, DC), a Juris Doctor (law degree) from the Detroit College of Law, and a L.L.M. (Master’s of Law) in International Law from the University of San Diego.  For more of Antonio’s writings, go to his blog at www.AntonioSoave.com.

The Ten Economic and Social Resolutions for our Country: Simplify in 2014

If you’re anything like me, I am thoroughly confused by all the rhetoric in Washington.  As usual, many politicians and bureaucrats engage in an extensive game of word crafting, double talk, skewing terms and phrases, and embellishing the facts.   We wonder why we don’t have movement in the nation’s capital.  When added to the barrage of special interests and other factors that are too numerous, onerous and egregious to mention, it becomes a virtual mess.  That is what we have today – a mess.

When considering this as a backdrop, it is very difficult to agree on anything.  However, one strategy still remains: simplify.  Yes, simplify, simplify and simplify.  This can serve us well as a nation in 2014.  One of our overwhelming tasks is to create jobs and attempt to provide opportunity for those less fortunate.  This is a good and noble cause.  How we go about it, though, can differ dramatically.  Don’t worry, there is hope, as implausible as it may seem (and notwithstanding everything just mentioned).

So, with the Feast of the Epiphany and the apparent influence of the three wise men – sages and magi, that is – I have felt inspired to share a message of simplicity.  It’s probably because I cannot follow things that are too complex.  To cope, I simplify.  These are a few steps we may wish to consider for 2014:

1.  Provide incentives to and for entrepreneurs: This is the backbone of future development in our country.  Let us provide real incentives for these entrepreneurs to flourish.  Create a Small Business Administration (SBA) that is easy to understand and that has funds that are easy to access for entrepreneurs and other small business people that demonstrate good ideas and responsible approaches.

2.  Cut business taxes, don’t raise them: Here, too, incentives are imperative.  If we want real and sustainable job growth, we cannot penalize business.  Rather, give businesses a real reason to create jobs.  Simply look at states that have incentives of this nature and see how they perform.  Raising taxes will only result in stagnation and animosity, not willingness to create jobs and take risk.

3.  Healthcare only for those in most need: Only provide national healthcare for those in greatest hardship – those that can truly and clearly demonstrate a need.  At the same time, make it illegal for insurance companies to refuse coverage for pre-existing conditions and other key aspects that allow these private entities to avoid payment or coverage.

4.  Encourage religious principles, do not assault them: Families are the lifeblood of this nation.  Religion and faith are founding elements and principles of this country.  We should remember that from a Constitutional perspective, it is not freedom from religion, but freedom of religion.  Don’t declare war on religion; rather embrace and encourage the good and honorable behavior that is commensurate with true faith.

5.  Institute a flat-tax system: This approach will generate more revenue for the country, just ask smart people such as Malcolm Forbes.  This is the only “fair” way to approach it.  Eliminate the current bureaucracy associated with tax collection and assessment, and create a flat tax of 25% across the board – no exceptions, exemptions or loopholes for individuals or corporations.  Only those making less than $25,000 will not have to pay taxes.

6.  Don’t spend more than you have: As my grandmother told me, don’t spend more than have.  Save and don’t overspend.  At the end of the day, someone must pay.  Cut the federal budget by eliminating “pork barreling” first.  Cut all unnecessary budget items, including federal agencies that serve no real purpose.

7.  Eliminate overreaching and excessive lending practices (i.e.; usury):  If we are serious about restoring wealth in America, then we will eliminate mortgages with excessively compounded interest rates and excessive APR (Annualized Percentage Rate).  This is a “usurious” lending practice that usurps wealth from the lower and middle classes, and does not allow them to move forward and/or gain real equity in their largest asset: a home.  By the way, the excessive charging of interest also hurts business.

8.  No handouts, but opportunity: Extensive welfare systems kill ingenuity, self-respect and human dignity.  Only provide assistance where it is truly needed.  By and large, let’s take care of the children by giving them food, shelter and education.  They are not responsible for this situation; rather, they inherited it (by no doing of their own).  By the same token, assist those adults in need while encouraging them to become self-sustaining and contributing members of society.  They will thank you – an themselves – in the long run.

9.  Encourage charitable giving, not the opposite: We are a generous country and a wonderful people.  We should not “cap” or discourage or penalize people or companies for true charitable donations to noteworthy causes.  In fact, it should be just the opposite.  This sort of giving helps so many in need and it allows private citizens to assist in ways that are otherwise impossible and/or implausible for government.

10.  Be a “good” country by encouraging moral standards and principles: As de Tocqueville noted, ‘America will cease to be great when she ceases to be good.’  As archaic and outdated as it may seem, we need to return to our roots and our common base of decency, morality, respect, integrity and honor.  These are just a few of the elements and aspects that characterized and defined this great nation.  They are also foundational ingredients and components that have made us great.

Well, at the risk of being accused of oversimplifying, these are a few guiding principles that we may wish to employ in 2014.  I suppose that I am also old-fashioned and nostalgic, and I believe in the fundamental goodness of this nation.  To me, “God, family and country” still mean a lot, even if it is not politically correct for me to say that anymore.  We can reclaim this great land, but we need to have courage – and faith – to do so.  May God bless you and your families in 2014.  And yes, God bless America!

* The author, Antonio J. Soave, is the Chairman & CEO of Capistrano Global Advisory Services (CGA), an international joint venture, strategic alliance and foreign market expansion firm headquartered in Overland Park, Kansas. He is also the Chairman of the International Business Council, a national non-profit that spreads of mission of “peace through commerce.”  Mr. Soave has a BA in International Studies from The American University (Washington, DC), a Juris Doctor from Michigan State University and a L.L.M. (Master’s of Law) in International Law from the University of San Diego.  He is the founder and former Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of International Law and Practice (Detroit College of Law – Michigan State University), as well as the co-founder and former Publisher of the Journal of International Business (Benedictine College).

Qatar 2022 FIFA World Cup: Does it Make Sense to Consider Joining with Neighbors in the UAE?

There is no doubt that Qatar has the ability and wherewithal to host a successful World Cup in 2022.  It is the wealthiest country in the world on a per capita basis.  It is a wonderfully sophisticated and advanced nation.  It is a very important regional ally for the western world.  It invests heavily in education and infrastructure.   It has a world-class airline.  And, it is one of the largest exporters of natural gas in the world.  So, Qatar will certainly be able to stage a spectacular and impressive FIFA event.  However, does it behoove the country and FIFA to consider expanding World Cup 2022 to another neighboring venue for some of its games?

Planning for a World Cup in the sport of soccer is obviously a monumental task.  Some countries do it better than others.  Everything from security and local culture to weather and geography come into play (and a whole lot more).  In Qatar, some of these factors are quite important and pronounced.  To begin with, the hot and often stifling climate in the summer months makes it almost impossible to play a soccer match in daytime hours.   The smaller geographic footprint of the country create challenges in terms of the overbuilding of large soccer stadiums that can be only be utilized for one single event period.  Even if those stadiums are later disassembled and repurposed in sub-Saharan Africa – a noble pursuit by the way – the logistics will be overwhelming and incredibly expensive.  Added to all of this is the challenge of infrastructure.  Building a metro/subway rail system to service stadiums in outlying areas that may not be used amply after 2022 will be another sizable task.   All of this leads us to the consideration of including other countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council (“GCC”) Region such as the UAE.

As home to the highly touted city-states of Abu Dhabi and Dubai, and the venue for mega developments such as the Burj Khalifa, Palm Islands and Masdar City, the United Arab Emirates may prove to be an ideal partner to host some of the Qatar 2022 matches.  This, as most soccer fans will say, is not unprecedented.  When Japan and Korea joined forces for the 2002 FIFA World Cup, it served as an attractive and sensible combination of venues and locations.   When it was suspected that Mexico might get the nod for that particular World Cup event, the two Asian countries combined so as to make 2002 a great success.  There are obvious differences here (i.e., Qatar has already been awarded the World Cup for 2022), but the concept is still applicable.  The UAE has a variety of professional soccer venues that are already attractive and could be available.  One is the home of the Al Jazira Soccer Club in Abu Dhabi.  It is a beautiful site for international soccer and it just hosted the FIFA U-17 World Cup.  It comes complete with adjacent training facilities, a sports hotel on its premises, and plenty of good food.  To top it off, Abu Dhabi and Dubai are only about a 45-minute flight from Doha, quite easy for an international soccer team to do. 

By considering staging some of the games in neighboring Abu Dhabi and Dubai, Qatar would be able to relieve some of its pressure and burden with respect to the games.  They could focus on building four great stadiums with retractable roofs and ample air conditioning instead of eight.  They could design their Transit Oriented Development (“TOD”) plan in a way that would address the specific demands of the growing country even in a post World Cup era.  They would not have to disassemble or leave empty large stadiums that would be difficult to move abroad or fill for domestic competition.  Qatar could receive additional public relations accolades from involving their neighbors in the region, as well as applause from spectators that might enjoy seeing both countries.  Additional revenue may even be spurred for hotels and airlines as fans shuttle between different venues.  And even though money may not be a concern, it could represent a real financial savings for Qatar.   Doing it this way could also mean keeping the games in July instead of attempting to shift to January because of the intense heat.

In summary, Qatar is a remarkable and marvelous country.  The people are among the most hospitable, sophisticated and productive in the world.  Their commitment to education and healthcare are second to none.  Their global reach through entities such as Qatar Foundation and the Al Jazeera television network is astonishing.  They have, indeed, accomplished a great deal.  By the same token, they may wish to seriously consider sharing some of the burden (and subsequent praise) of the World Cup with their neighbors to the south.  Although it may detract a bit from Qatar’s overall image vis-à-vis this specific event, it could be welcomed on a variety of other fronts.  I believe that it may represent a tremendous win-win for the global community at large. 

The author, Antonio J. Soave, is the Chairman & CEO of Capistrano Global Advisory Services (CGA), an international joint venture, strategic alliance and foreign market expansion firm headquartered in Overland Park, Kansas.  He travels to and works in the Middle East on a frequent and continuous basis.  He is a former high school All American athlete in the sport of soccer and a former co-owner of the USISL pro soccer franchise, the Detroit Wheels.  Mr. Soave has a BA in International Studies from The American University (Washington, DC), a Juris Doctor (law degree) from Michigan State University and a L.L.M. (Master’s of Law) in International Law from the University of San Diego. 

Brazil: Economic Growth Forecasts Rise for 2014

Brazil’s amazing growth a few years ago excited a lot of business people globally.  It almost seemed as if the new Brazilian economic engine would not stop.  But, like many things similar in nature, there was an ending point – perhaps too abrupt for most.   Brazil seemed to be at the pinnacle of all good things to come.  It was known to have discovered one of the most significant offshore pre-salt oil reserves on the planet; it was aggressively churning out everything from iron ore to soy beans, and from chickens to corn; more Brazilians were advancing to the middle class than ever before; it was improving its infrastructure in select areas; and, it was home to the best-recognized eco-system in the world.  It was even hosting two of the most prestigious sporting events to ever take place: the World Cup in 2014 and the Olympics in 2016.  If that wasn’t enough, Pope Francis made his inaugural Latin American debut in Rio this past summer.  In essence, it was entering the developed world with force.

When Brazil screeched to a halt at about 1% annual growth, a lot of folks jumped off the bandwagon and decided that Brazil was doomed.   New stories of corruption and mismanagement seemed to permeate the daily airwaves.  Brazil’s wealthiest individual, Eike Batista, saw his pot of gold disappear over night on the stock market as people lost trust in his growing oil empire, EBX/OSX and several of his other companies ending in Xs.  Some, however, insisted that Brazil was hitting a snag and it was destined to recover.  And now, signs of improvement are starting to emerge.  According to Reuters, economists “raised their forecasts for Brazil’s growth in 2013 to 2.4 % from 2.35% previously.”1  Most analysts are expecting this number to remain the same and/or grow next year – the year Brazil hosts soccer enthusiasts for the FIFA World Cup.  And to the relief of most financial activists, inflation will stay at a stable 5.9% (from 5.85%).  For the land once associated with hyperinflation, this is not altogether bad news.

Other leading economic indicators are stable as well.  The exchange rate for the Brazilian real vis-à-vis the US dollar seems to have reached a level that is more favorable for Brazilian exports.  The current rate also helps with direct foreign investment (DFI), an important indicator for Brazil at this stage.  Interest rates for this part of the world are reasonable at 9.75% and industrial output is promising at about 2.65% for 2014.

Interestingly enough, the Xinhua Chinese news agency reported growth in 2014 to possibly reach 4%, even though this number seems overly optimistic.  The agency says:

The Brazilian government has forecast 4 percent growth in gross domestic product (GDP) and a target primary public-sector surplus of 2.1 percent in 2014.  Finance Minister Guido Mantega said meeting the projections, contained in the proposed 2014 budget sent to Congress Thursday, depended on economic activities in Europe and the United States.  Mantega admitted the 4 percent forecast was long-range and ambitious, given the problematic international economic climate, but said the figures would be revised again at the beginning of 2014.

– Source: Xinhua.net / August 29, 2013

Even Banco Santander, the Spanish bank that is very active in Brazil, seems optimistic for 2014, but to a lesser degree than the Brazilian government (as noted above by the statements of Minister Mantega).  They cite GDP expanding 3% year over year in the second quarter of 2013 and retail sales growing 6% year over year in July as positives moving forward, but their forecast for 2014 remains fixed at 1.7%.   Bank executives were quoted as saying:

In terms of growth, the impact of much better-than-expected figures coupled with an increased probability of a modest recovery in business and consumer confidence have led us to adjust our forecast for GDP growth this year to 2.3% from 2%.  (2)

However, they also went on to note:

The outlook for 2014, on the other hand, remains characterized by significant challenges and unavoidable macroeconomic adjustments. Inflation is still expected to be 6.5%, which may require another round of policy tightening to start at the end of the year. We continue to see the Brazilian currency weakening toward BRL2.55/USD (per dollar), with GDP growth likely bearing the burden of the macroeconomic adjustment that we see as inevitable in the near term. In this sense, we maintain our 1.7% forecast for next year. (3)

Overall, the Capistrano Global/CGA view is optimistic and our internal sources call for 2.2% economic growth in 2014.  We cite the upcoming World Cup and Olympic games as factors for continued improvements in infrastructure, as well as a more stable exchange rate that will assist in Brazilian pricing abroad.  Still, Brazil will continue to have high internal demand in the form of consumer spending, but not at an uncontrolled rate.  So, inflation should remain at its current level and direct foreign investment should increase.  Brazil is a good bet in today’s world, among the best in the developing world.  Let’s not forget that Brazil is still one of the world’s largest and most significant economies, and it is rife with natural resources.  That is not likely to end any time soon.

End Notes:

1.  Reuters

Economic Forecasts for 2013/2014 – Brazil

(pct)                               2013                            2014

–                                       previous   new         previous  new

–                                       forecast    forecast  forecast   forecast

Consumer inflation   5.82           5.82          5.85          5.90

Exchange rate             2.36           2.35          2.40          2.40

Interest rate                9.75           9.75          9.75          9.75

GDP growth                 2.35           2.40          2.28          2.22

Industrial output       2.10           2.12          3.00          2.65

·      Source: Reuters / “Economists raise Brazil 2013 GDP growth forecast to 2.4 pct”

2. Goldman Sachs / Banco Santander

Banco Santander Raises Brazil 2013 Expansion Forecasts; Sees Challenges For 2014

By Rogerio Jelmayer

SAO PAULO–Economists at the Brazilian subsidiary of Spanish bank Banco Santander SA (SAN.MC) raised their outlook for economic expansion this year in Brazil, Latin America’s largest country, following a better-than-expected second quarter but highlighted remain challenges for the economy for the next year.

“There have been some positive surprises with Brazilian growth, with [gross domestic product] expanding 3.3% year over year in the second quarter and retail sales growing 6% year over years in July,” the bank’s economist team said.

“In terms of growth, the impact of much better-than-expected figures coupled with an increased probability of a modest recovery in business and consumer confidence have led us to adjust our forecast for GDP growth this year to 2.3% from 2%,” it said.

Despite the better forecast for this year, the bank pointed some challenges for Brazil’s economy for the next year, mainly due to inflationary pressures.

“The outlook for 2014, on the other hand, remains characterized by significant challenges and unavoidable macroeconomic adjustments. Inflation is still expected to be 6.5%, which may require another round of policy tightening to start at the end of the year. We continue to see the Brazilian currency weakening toward BRL2.55/USD (per dollar), with GDP growth likely bearing the burden of the macroeconomic adjustment that we see as inevitable in the near term. In this sense, we maintain our 1.7% forecast for next year,” Santander said.

The bank’s economist team is expecting the Selic rate to end this year at 9.5% and the central bank to increase the rate to 11% in the next year to try to contain inflationary pressures. The Selic rate is currently at 9%.

3. Ibid

America the Good: A Contemporary Reflection on a Historical Commentary – An Applause for Dr. Ben Carson

I had the distinct pleasure of attending an event featuring Dr. Ben Carson as a keynote speaker a few weeks ago in Kansas City.  Born in Detroit, Michigan and raised in a poor family, Dr. Carson went on to become the head of neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins.  Today, he appears frequently as a commentator on Fox News.  Dr. Carson gave an impressive talk about sustaining a pro-life stance, as well as providing a rendition about the status and condition of our great nation.  At the end of his speech, Dr. Carson quoted a famous French philosopher from the 1800s, Alexis de Tocqueville.  Citing Mr. de Tocqueville, Dr. Carson stated, “America is great because America is good.”  Hence it would follow that once America ceases to be good, it will also cease to be great.  Of all the elements that go into building a great nation, “goodness” was considered the leader.  Perhaps we should heed this advice.

So, what does it mean to be good?  In my mind it means the following: morals, principles, integrity, honesty, respect, dignity, justice and compassion.   Goodness is exemplified in conducting one’s life properly.  It incorporates elements of faith and responsibility, family and commitment.  It also includes a conviction about the foundational aspects that made this country exceptional.  The Merriam-Webster officially notes these terms as synonyms for goodness:


Even though we live in a world that seems to increasingly advocate “relativism,” there is a fairly objective notion and standard attributable to “goodness.”  And when connecting this concept to faith and religion, Easton’s Bible Dictionary says that “goodness in man is not a mere passive quality, but the deliberate preference of right to wrong, the firm and persistent resistance of all moral evil, and the choosing and following of all moral good.”  It follows, then, that there needs to be a ‘deliberate preference of right to wrong’ so as to maintain a given position and a posture of goodness, for that implies an environment of morality, decency and virtue.  One could reasonably argue that we, as a nation, have drifted far off track with respect to goodness.

Even if it may seem hokey and nostalgic, and at the risk of being accused of pontificating, I believe that we can return to a base that once defined this country.  That is a base of goodness and morality.  That does not mean that we did not or will not make mistakes, because we are all human.  Mistakes happen and we are all fallible.  Thanks be to God, we can ask forgiveness.  I know that I am constantly in need of that grace and mercy that is only afforded by our Creator.  By the same token and if we strive for a certain moral position (as defined above), we can move toward the restoration of the foundational principles of this nation – principles outlined in the writings of the Founding Fathers.

Dr. Carson is indeed impressive.  He is as eloquent as he is bright.  He is as direct as he is genuine.  Having come from a poor family in Detroit (my own city of origin), his story of rising through the ranks and becoming one of the world’s most notable neurosurgeons is nothing short of amazing and miraculous.  It is – indeed – a story of which we can be proud as Americans.  For his life and testimony underscore what it means to be a great citizen and to support the principles upon which this country was founded. Just in case you were wondering about his achievements, Dr. Carson is acknowledged for his successful separation of conjoined twins at the head while practicing neurosurgery.  Yes, he is a brain surgeon and his achievements are extensive and sizeable.

I consider Dr. Carson to be a great American and a wonderful example to all of us.  He is courageous enough to share his thoughts about what can be done for the restoration of this country as a true beacon of light.  He is idealistic and hopeful that we can return to greatness.  By the same token, he is not overly optimistic.  He understands that it will take real work to get there.  It will not only take more education, but better education.  It will not just mean a little sacrifice, but a lot of sacrifice.  It will not be a scenario of handouts, but a situation of helping hands.  Moreover, it will take great fortitude and prayer for those of us in the silent majority to stand up and reclaim our country.  May God bless America.

“America is great because she is good. If America ceases to be good, America will cease to be great.”

Alexis de Tocqueville

What’s the Deal with Rail in Brazil? Are there any Projects Worth Exploring for U.S. Companies?

Most people and entities involved in exploring the railroad business in Brazil have a similar question: What is going on there?  I am often asked, ‘Is there any real business there worth exploring?’  With the on-again, off-again nature of the rail industry in Brazil, as well as the many underlying problems and issues – from wide gauge to narrow gauge, and from indecision on funding to indecisiveness of location, the Brazilians are still moving forward.  Now, it may not be in a way that American companies like or desire, but there is some activity – at least on the heavy haul side.  Given the natural affinity and likeness between Brazil and the United States (even if we don’t immediately recognize it), it is imperative for U.S. companies to continue to push for business in the land of the Carioca.  

Brazil is home to nearly 200 million people and its land mass is nearly as large as the contiguous United States.  It is rich in everything from iron ore to soybeans and from oil to corn.  Brazil is a leader and innovator in many other fields and areas as well, not the least of which include food processing, biofuels, alternative energy and the pulp & paper industry.  Brazil also has some of the brightest minds in the hemisphere.  It is a hard-working nation that is on the cusp of becoming a true economic global power with which to be reckoned.  In fact, it is already the sixth largest in the world in terms of nominal GDP.  It will host next year’s World Cup, and from the performance of World Youth Day and the Confederation’s Cup this year, it will do a darn good job.  It will follow with the Olympics in 2016 and its prospects are great (despite the economic naysayers).  However, one big challenge – apart from the onerous tax structure – is the transportation of goods.  It is too high and needs a dramatic overhaul. 

The good news is that Brazil is attempting to improve its heavy haul footprint.  On a recent trip to Brazil, I met with some procurement managers for large companies involved in the rail business.  I discovered that one of the country’s premier contractors, Camargo Correa, has been awarded a large contract from Vale (the mining giant).  While Brazil has some very capable and competent railroad experts, there is still a shortage of actual work experience in terms of completing heavy haul lines in recent years.  There have been examples of other lines for the iron ore industry with companies such as CSN in the north of the country (in Fortaleza via the TransNordestina project), but work has been sporadic and disconnected to some degree.  Not helping the matter is the fact that the government engineering organization for rail, VALEC, has had its shake-ups and restructuring in recent years.  Still, there is great promise for the expansion of heavy haul in Brazil. 

But as Americans, we should keep in mind that heavy haul expertise and experience is plentiful in the U.S.  Given that as a backdrop, the Brazilians continue to defer to AAR (American Association of Railroads) and AREMA (American Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association) for their standards.  Safety, cost-effectiveness, efficiency and environmental compliance are just a few of the positive and even extraordinary elements associated with the AAR.  AREMA’s mission is as follows: the development and advancement of both technical and practical knowledge and recommended practices pertaining to the design, construction and maintenance of railway infrastructure.  Notwithstanding a strong European lobby, as well as effective penetration on the rolling stock side by the Chinese and Koreans, the affinity between the U.S. and Brazil rings loudly.  By the same token, we – as Americans – should be aggressively present in the market so as to take advantage of the natural and complimentary elements between our two countries.

When going to Brazil we should keep this in mind: The resemblance between the two countries in terms of natural resources and abundance is striking, regardless of the language barrier.  The key points to success are patience, continuity and integration.  We need to understand and accept that things work a bit differently in Brazil, even if there are the natural affinities (to which we have made reference in this article).  However, persistence is fundamental.  It helps to have an actual and tangible presence in Brazil, as well as to keep that presence consistent over the course of a few years.  In this way, we – as Americans – convey our seriousness and commitment to the market.  Why should we do this?  Because Brazil is worth the investment, at least in the long run.  But, that is not something that many of our companies like to hear.  Having said that, it is worth exploring in more detail.

According to Hamilton Freitas, the former CEO of the Rio Metro system and a current partner with the high profile and well-respected law firm of Bastos-Tigre, the situation is quite pronounced with respect to the necessity for a better rail system in Brazil.  He says:

Brazil is realizing that railroad is the best option for cargo transportation (with better prices).  This also can take many trucks from highways and improve urban mobility.  Everybody in the country is thinking about rail. This topic is on President Dilma’s agenda as a priority.

Following this line of thought, here are some of the details of an upcoming heavy haul project that could be of interest to U.S.-based rail contractors and related companies.  This is information that we have obtained through credible sources, but it may have changed somewhat in recent days.  Nonetheless, this will serve as an indication of the general size and scope of a $1.5 billion project that is 890 kilometers in length.

Project Size and Scope from Maraba’ to Para’: 

  1. It is 890 kilometers long
  2. It goes from Sao Luis in Maranhao to Maraba’ in the state of Para’
  3. It is a 1.6 gauge heavy haul line
  4. There is an existing line throughout with double rail at various intervals; this project would complete the “duplication” or “doubling” so that a dual track would exist throughout
  5. The General Contractor is Camargo Correa and the owner is Vale (the large mining company)
  6. It is all ballast; ties and rail will be provided by Vale
  7. The ties are concrete
  8. The budget is $1.5 billion US

 It is our belief Camargo Correa is now considering a wide variety of U.S. suppliers.   Additionally, Camargo Correa may still be seeking specialized rail equipment.  It is understood that companies such as Placer and Harsco have been consulted, but there is still a lot of room for market entry.  Nevertheless, time is precious and short.  So, anyone wishing to make an impact on this project should be in motion very soon.  

Apart from the Camargo Correa-Vale project, there are others of import.  Attorney Freitas (referenced above), along with his senior partners, Heitor Bastos-Tigre and Luciano Campeo, note the following:

We also have Salvador’s metro project that will soon be announced in the paper.  Salvador is the capital of the state of Bahia in the northeast of the country.  Another rail project that will be announced later this year is a railroad between Açailândia (state of Maranhão) and Barcarena (state of Para’), also in the north of the country.  It is just 457 kilometers of railway out of a total of 11,000 kilometers that the Federal Government intends to release for bid in the country.  In the south we have the project of the Coastal Railroad in the State of Santa Catarina (250 kilometers). In the southeast of the country, in the city of Belo Horizonte (state of Minas Gerais), there is a proposed project to have a railroad encircling the city (130 kilometers).  So, there is much work to be done.

Mr. Bastos-Tigre, the senior partner of the firm that carries his name, goes on to stress the necessity of finding the right partner in Brazil.  To him, that is an imperative component of becoming a viable player in Brazil’s growing rail sector.  He says, “Having the right partner in Brazil can present a great opportunity for U.S. companies in this area.”  In essence, there is a lot of available work in the rail industry in Brazil, and American companies are an ideal fit.  It is simply a matter of figuring out the proper mode of entry.

Generally speaking, market entry in the railroad sector in Brazil is up to us.  They (the Brazilians) are very receptive to our involvement, but they would like to see a real, long-term commitment.  They know our expertise in terms of heavy haul and they just want to verify that we have the staying power and commitment to see it through.  Do we have the patience, persistence and foresight to take advantage of it?  I believe it is worth the challenge.

Good News for Fracking: Clean Water is Possible

Images of protesters wearing t-shirts that proudly display the “No Fracking” symbols are prevalent on the Internet.  The notion that fracking is harmful to the planet seems pervasive.  Fracking, otherwise more formally known as hydraulic fracturing, is sometimes defined as follows: it is the process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground at a high pressure in order to fracture shale rocks to release natural gas inside (according to www. DangersOfFracking.com).  This activist website also states, “Each gas well requires an average of 400 tanker trucks to carry water and supplies to and from the site.”  Furthermore (and again according to the site), “It takes 1-8 million gallons of water to complete each fracturing job.”  It is thought that there are more than 500,000 active gas wells in the United States.  The claim is that chemically harmful water in fracking “leaches out” to contaminate nearby groundwater, thereby affecting drinking water.  So, if this is correct, is there any hope?

A scientific breakthrough seems to have occurred with a company in Stockton, California.  That company, American Micro Detection Systems (“AMDS”), has developed two innovative products that detect both harmful metals and harmful chemicals to the parts per billion level.  For those of us who are not scientific (i.e., the author of this article), that is a very precise and unprecedented level of detection.  The company has two devices to assist with potentially contaminated fracking water: REX and ToxicAlert.  REX is dedicated to the detection of metals, while Toxic Alert identifies chemicals.  REX is currently being manufactured and distributed, while ToxicAlert is expected to be on the market very soon.  According to AMDS’s execs, REX and Toxic Alert have the following attributes:

AMDS’s units allow companies to detect toxic metals and other hazardous chemicals in water.  This is done in a cost-effective and efficient manner, using one of the specialized devices produced exclusively by AMDS.  In essence, AMDS manufactures innovative and state-of-the-art water analysis instrumentation that allows for autonomous monitoring of fluid flow streams at the source of interest.  

So, when translated into laymen’s terms, this means that fracking companies can quickly, effectively and efficiently identify any harmful and/or disturbing anomalies in the water that has been used for fracking.  That water can then be separated between the “good water” and “bad water.”  The bad water can be treated on site or off site, and the good water can be reused.  Again, the key is to clearly identify any and all potentially harmful contaminants.  AMDS does this in an incredibly sophisticated and detailed manner, leaving very little – if anything – to chance.  The use of these two systems will permit fracking companies to evaluate water on site and for a very low price, while allowing concerned citizens to be more at ease.

For more information about AMDS, feel free to visit their website at http://www.amdsinc.com.